Six out of every 10 evictions in the Spanish capital are taking place in public housing units that have been sold over recent years by the Madrid regional government and City Hall to investment funds, according to data included in a report from the Treasury Ministry.
According to the data in the ministry report, of the 111 eviction cases registered between February and June of this year, 65 were in houses that had been sold by Madrid administrations.
Between February and June, the report states, there were 50 evictions that took place in properties sold by the Municipal Company for Housing and Land (EMVS) to an investment fund. Another five evictions took place in flats sold by the Madrid Housing Institute (Ivima) to another fund; and 10 more were related to housing from the EMVS and Ivima. In total, 65 of 111.
In terms of evictions carried out by banks, the report registers 17, which works out at 15%, while another 29 evictions were brought about by private landlords. There were also 73 evictions from illegally occupied properties.
The ministry report states that the Madrid districts of Villa de Vallecas, Carabanchel and Latina saw the most evictions, due to the “high concentration of [the sale of] public housing to investment funds” in these areas.
Of the 184 evictions included in the ministry report, just 17% of cases saw another property being offered to the victims. The report adds: “The number of illegal occupations and non-payment from private tenants is worrying, given that these people have scant economic resources, making the use of existing resources very difficult.”
Madrid City Council currently has just 418 public apartments to cover these emergencies; 347 have already been assigned, benefitting 1,060 people, while the rest are under construction.
Ahora Madrid has pledged to impose fines on banks, investment funds and real estate firms to dissuade them from accumulating property portfolios for speculative ends.
The ministry report, however, criticizes that move, saying that it would “bring down the price of rentals” in the city, and lower the cost of acquiring a property. This “would have a negative effect on the families and citizens who own their own homes,” it adds. And, paradoxically, it goes on to say that “a strong fall in prices would lead to the arrival of vulture funds.”